This site, “canshine.ca”, is all about how Canada is performing as a country (very well thankyou) in this globe right now & a forecast of the near future. Within Canada are 10 provinces & 3 territories each locally governed which is linked in canprov.ca (press). Daily news items are well covered by Canadian press articles & not usually repeated here .
At 2018 there were over a million indigenous persons living in Canada. The indigenous are the humans who had lived in this land for centuries when the settlers started to arrive. Indigenous nations & settlers fought over the usage of the land & many of these disputes resulted in treaties. In subsequent events the warring sides interpreted treaties differently with arguments continuing to this day. The words here are deliberately made vague by me for in this 21st century there is a serious effort being made by all involved toward clarification & above all fairness. Humans being Good, Bad, Indifferent there will be many disputes to argue. Bear with me as I too am human.
Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Aboriginal Canadians are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada. They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis, or by the initialism FNIM, Although “Indian” is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors “Indian” and “Eskimo” have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada and some consider them to be pejorative. Similarly, “Aboriginal” as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act, 1982, though in some circles that word is also falling into disfavour. (Wikipedia).
Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) works collaboratively with partners to improve access to high quality services for First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Our vision is to support and empower Indigenous peoples to independently deliver services and address the socio-economic conditions in their communities.
How Solve Differences? Here are some things being discussed.
All relations with Indigenous peoples need to be based on the recognition and implementation of their right to self-determination, including the inherent right of self-government.
Reconciliation is a fundamental purpose of section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.
The honour of the Crown guides the conduct of the Crown in all of its dealings with Indigenous peoples.
Indigenous self-government is part of Canada’s evolving system of cooperative federalism and distinct orders of government.
Treaties, agreements, and other constructive arrangements between Indigenous peoples and the Crown have been and are intended to be acts of reconciliation based on mutual recognition and respect.
Meaningful engagement with Indigenous peoples aims to secure their free, prior, and informed consent when Canada proposes to take actions which impact them and their rights on their lands, territories, and resources.
Respecting and implementing rights is essential and that any infringement of section 35 rights must by law meet a high threshold of justification which includes Indigenous perspectives and satisfies the Crown’s fiduciary obligations.
Reconciliation and self-government require a renewed fiscal relationship, developed in collaboration with Indigenous nations, that promotes a mutually supportive climate for economic partnership and resource development.
Reconciliation is an ongoing process that occurs in the context of evolving Indigenous-Crown relationships.
A distinctions-based approach is needed to ensure that the unique rights, interests and circumstances of the First Nations, the Métis Nation and Inuit are acknowledged, affirmed, and implemented.